Sperm Freezing

Sperm Freezing

Posted : 19 June 2023

Sperm Freezing is bringing the sperm into the freezing process at -196 degrees Celsius to maintain the quality of the sperm cells at that time.

Males who are at risk of infertility, infertility, congenital disease or other serious contagious diseases. In some cases that do not want to get married but want to have children in the future, freezing sperm cells to be used on the day when they are ready is another option that meets the needs of many people as well. In this way, the sperm cells remain quality throughout the cryopreservation period and can be used for future ICSI or IVF procedures.

Procedures for Sperm Freezing

  • Consult a medical professional for a background check.
  • Refrain from having sex or ejaculating sperm for at least 2-3 days.
  • Take blood for preliminary screening to screen for the conditions of various related diseases.
  • Enter a special room prepared by the clinic to prepare the sperm cells.
  • Clean the body and genitals before ejaculating semen into the container provided by the clinic in the room.
  • Once ejaculation is complete (usually more than 15 million sperm/1 cc), the sperm will be sent directly to the Andrology Lab for integrity checking and sperm quality analysis in a standardized and sterile room. It will provide proper temperature and humidity control with awaiting results to confirm that it can be frozen.
  • Take the sperm cells to prevent ice crystals by concentrated Cryoprotectant liquid so that the sperm cells remain intact and not destroyed.
  • The temperature will be reduced rapidly and the sperm cells will be stored in liquid nitrogen at -196 degrees Celsius to stop motility and wait for future use.

Sperm Freezing takes about 30 minutes/individual. Sperm cells can be stored for more than 20 years and can be stored forever as long as there is liquid nitrogen frozen without any change in quality. The stored sperm cells can be used to treat future reproductive problems. 

What is the effect of Sperm Freezing?

The results of frozen cell thawing and sperm cell thaw survival rate can be effectively utilized in Assisted Reproductive Technology: ART. Even after storing sperm for more than 20 years, the cells remain safe and at their peak performance. Babies born using cryopreserved sperm were not significantly different from those born naturally in terms of birth weight, no abnormalities or chromosomal abnormalities.

Who is Sperm Freezing suitable for? 

  • Males who have difficulty collecting sperm cells or few sperm cells
  • Keep the sperm cells to prevent some future complications that affect the quality of the sperm cells.
  • Those who do not want to have a spouse but want to have children in the future
  • Patients who want to treat infertility but cannot come to the clinic on the day of oocyte aspiration for sperm and oocyte fertilization
  • Patients who are at risk of cancer and have undergone radiation or chemotherapy that affects sperm cells and the reproductive system. It is necessary to freeze the sperm in order to have children in the future.